Carlebach Kabbalat Shabbat
Friday, November 18
- 06:50 am – Shacharit
- 04:00 pm – Mincha
- 04:01 pm – Candle lighting
- 08:15 pm – Oneg Shabbat at the home of President Jay and Cheryl Lamport, 314 Clifton Street
Saturday, November 19
- 07:45 am – Shacharit at Salem Towers
- 08:45 am – Shacharit
- 09:04 am – Latest time for Kriat Shema
- CANCELLED – Jr. Congregation
- 11:15 am – Kiddush
- 03:35 pm – Mincha, followed by Se’udah Shlishit
- 04:55 pm – Ma’ariv
- 05:09 pm – Shabbat Ends
November 20 – 25
- 08:00 am – Sunday and Thursday (Thanksgiving Day)
- 06:40 am – Monday
- 06:50 am – Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday
- 04:00 pm – Sunday – Thursday
- 03:55 pm – Friday
- 04:30 pm – Sunday – Thursday
To print this schedule, click here to go directly to the post, and then press ctrl-P (Windows) or cmd-P (Mac) to print it.
Weekly Words of Torah
Shlemut; Inside & Out
Insights into Parshat Vayera of Mr. Josh Bagley of Yeshivat Sha’alvim, by Rav Re’uven Ungar of Sha’alvim.
At the onset of this week’s parsha, Avraham Avinu embarked on a journey to find a burial plot for his wife, Sarah. Upon approaching Ephron Ha’Chiti in an attempt to arrange a sale for the land, Ephron graciously offered to give it over for free. After Avraham insisted on paying for the land, Ephron said that it was worth 400 silver shekalim. As Rav Frand phrases the question: “What happened? How did Ephron go from 0 to 400 in a split second?” To further expand the question, the Gemara in Bava Metziah 87A explains that these 400 shekalim were ‘centenaria’ shekalim, meaning that each shekel was actually worth 100 maneh or 2,500 ordinary shekalim. Therefore, Avraham really paid 40,000 maneh or 1,000,000 ordinary shekalim for the land! What caused Ephron’s drastic change from being Mr. Generosity to Mr. Nonsensical?
R’ Simcha Zissel Brodie explained that Ephron’s true nature was covered up with the benevolent offer of free land. Once he heard the the words “take my money” from Avraham, his true, greedy nature was uncovered. While it was easy for Ephron to act like a hero, once money was laid out onto the table, his natural self refused to hold anything back.
In his sefer Imrei Baruch, R’ Baruch Simon explains how one of the greatest middot of Avraham was his shlemut, or completion. The Gemara in Yuma 28B says that Avraham was “mikayem kol HaTorah kullah” (he fulfilled the whole Torah) before it was given. He was mikayem the Torah to the maximum, completing each mitzvah in its entirety. Avraham fulfilled what the Rambam explained in Perush HaMishnayot as the way to be zoche Olam HaBah (merit the World to Come): Through fulfilling just one mitzvah in its proper way, purely done li’Shma (for the sake of Heaven).
In explaining the seemingly redundant phrase of Vi’Avraham zaken and bah bayamim (24:1), R’ Moshe Yechiel HaLevi Epstein draws out this same idea of the shlemut of Avraham. Avraham was zaken (old), but he was also bah bayamim; his old age was perfected by the fact that he lived a whole, complete life. Avraham meritoriously made the most out of all the days of his life.
An identical double lashon of zaken and bah bayamim is used by David HaMelech in the first pasuk of this week’s haftarah. The Metzudat David explains how David’s zikna (old age) came because of his complete days. Just like Avraham, David HaMelech was zoche to live a complete, wholesome life.
In reality, the greatest and most genuine figure of a wholesome life is found by Sarah Imenu. Rashi explains that the word ‘shana’ in the first pasuk of the parsha is repeated after each complete number to show that all her years were equally good. Even though she suffered so much in her life, from going so many years childless to being taken captive by Pharoh and later on by Avimelech, she was aware that everything came from Hashem and therefore must be for the best.
Unlike Ephron HaChiti, our avot and imahot teach us the proper deeds that lead us to wholesome lifestyles. In Avraham, David, and Sarah we see figures who are as equally true on the inside as they are on the outside. Like Sarah, we need to realize how every challenge that comes our way to try and throw us off is really Li’Tovah. With this mindset in hand, we can hopefully all strive to become true, wholesome people.